Coralberry( Symphoricarposorbiculatus )hassimilaropposite,entire Phragmites is a genus of four species of large perennial reed grasses found in wetlands throughout temperate and tropical regions of the world. 2007. americanus) has smooth, flexible stems, often with shiny, round, black spots (a fungus). Near-monotypic stands of this aggressive grass have replaced high quality, complex communities of native plants over thousands of acres of Michigan wetlands and coastal areas. australis (non-native) or Phragmites australis subsp. Phragmites. Its scientific name is Phragmites australis subsp. Today, invasive Phragmites can be found across North America and dominates along the Atlantic coast where few native Phragmites populations remain. Control Methods Fact Sheet. Mowing is one method to manage non-native phragmites, but it should be done several times during the growing season to be effective. Maine Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet for Common Reed (Phragmites) Tip of the Mitt Watershed Council, Minnesota, Identification Video (5:50) It provides poor quality habitat for insects, birds and amphibians. Great Lakes Impacts: Phragmites australis has a high environmental impact in the Great Lakes. Prevention, proper identification and early detection are the most effective measures to manage the plant. • Phragmites australis americanus. Fish populations that reproduce in wetlands and marshes inundated with phragmites suffer higher egg and juvenile mortality. Potential for biological control of Phragmites australis in North America. Identification of Phragmites australis and Phragmites australis americanus in New England: A Framework for the Field Identification of Exotic and Native Phragmites” held Sept. 15, 2005 at the Hugh Gregg Coastal Conservation Center, Great Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve in Stratham, NH. However, native Phragmites has always been a rare, non-invasive species that grows in mixed wetland plant communities. (Phragmites australis), a large native grass with a similar inflorescence. Species information. Scientific name: Phragmites australis. Category. Americanus (native), of the family Poaceae, the grass family. Mowing alone will not provide control. Invasive vs. Fact Sheets and Identification Links. Here is some collected information - videos and tips that we have collected at Georgian Bay Forever. Scientific Name Neyraudia reynaudiana Phragmites australis Specimen Native Phragmites. al 2004 recognizes a native Native Phragmites do occur in the United States and they are sometimes very difficult to distinguish from the exotics. Johnston, and D.L. No characteristics are completely reliable for distinguishing non-native from native Phragmites in the northeast. Sources used in this post include: “Phragmites: Native or Not”. Native Phragmites stands have been found in a few New England marshes. Phragmitescrowds out native plants (including the native Phragmites), alters wetland hydrology, degrades wildlife habitat, and increases fire potential. Invasive Phragmites (European strain) is a tall, aggressively growing grass that can take over large areas of wetland and shoreline, push out native vegetation, and reduce habitat quality for wildlife. Non-native Phragmites, also known as common reed, is an extremely tall wetland grass. Native stand photo courtesy of Erin Sanders, MNR. The common reed typically forms denser stands than the native. mnfi.anr.msu.edu. Biological Control 23(2):191-212. If you have any pictures you want to share of native or non-native Phragmites, please contact me at bywiringup@gmail.com. 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