Not all plants will appreciate these parameters, however, so choose aquarium plants with caution. Cichlids are one of the most popular aquarium fish — and for good reason. Like discus, it has a flatter and high body style. Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. does not intend to provide any kind of veterinary suggestion. Cichlids vary in their needs, and you should research your desired species before bringing them home. At just around 3.5 inches (8.9cm), they don’t need much space. So long as you have a male and female, odds are you’ll end up with baby convicts in the tank. As such, your tank should be at least 120 gallons, especially if you plan to keep a pair of them to breed. Keeping cichlids from the same region together is also recommended. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. In this article, we’ll break down all the types, their advantages and disadvantages, and help you to understand which may be the ideal match for you. Overall, these hardy fish do well in aquariums. These creatures have long bodies that are usually silver or grey when they are young. A big male can be up to 36cm/14” long, but 30cm/12” is more the norm. (Oops!). You should also provide them with a thick, sandy substrate that allows them to sift for their food. It has a salmon coloured body with thin blue lines and blue tinged fins. These fish display a range of bright colors like a peacock’s tail, hence the name. However, they make up for their lack of flash with the biggest personalities in the fish world. It’s best to introduce all your mbuna cichlids at the same time, as older members of the tank will likely gang up on new mbunas you introduce later. The larger or more colorful the option, the higher the price. Consisting of the whole Aulonocara genus of freshwater fish, peacock cichlid, or simply peacocks, are the most friendly and peaceful cichlids you can find in your aquarium. Your filter’s outflow should do the trick, but if you pick a species native to a river region, consider adding an air pump for a little more current. Hatchetfish from the genus Carnegiella make excellent tank mates for discus. So long as their water conditions stay stable, kribs remain undemanding for everyone to care for. All of them hail from just three lakes in east Africa: Lake Malawi, Lake Victoria, and Lake Tanganyika. They’re also social and vibrant, enlivening any aquarium. They get along well with characins, barbs, danios, and rasboras, adding a great splash of color to your tank. Oscars SURGE with curiosity. Another severe disease that can infect cichlids is fish tuberculosis. Cichlids are “secondary freshwater” fish. However, they can come in other spectacular colorations as well. They also grow FAST. On the smaller side, they average 5-6 inches (13-15cm) at full size. These fish are one of the three species of cichlids known to inhabit Lake Malawi, a great lake in Africa. This group of fish consists of piscivorous fish. They don’t like acclimating to a new tank, they grow large (6-10 inches/15-25cm), they’re sensitive to water fluctuations, and they’re susceptible to stress-related diseases. Paracyprichromis nigripinnis – blue neon cichlid The blue neon cichlid is a very attractive shoaling fish. Even still, larger Pleco varieties that can handle these same water parameters may prove to be a sound option. That said, it is very important that aqu… Many people believe that set-ups as small as 30 gallons are adequate for these cichlids. Common fish illnesses to watch for include: Unhappily, you can’t mix African and New World cichlids. They can also be quite territorial, especially when they pair off and begin to spawn. The most popular aquarium species come from Lake Malawi as they’re the most colorful. Cichlid Fish belong to the family Cichlidae in the order Cichliformes. Their head protuberance, or kok, is formally termed a nuchal hump. Some guard their eggs in caves, while others mouthbrood. Males get larger, but (for once) females have a brighter coloration. As such, they thrive in tanks with very hard water and rocky decor that is lime-based or calcareous. Several cichlids, including discus (Symphysodon spp. Pelvicachromis pulcher (African) At three to four inches when fully grown, this fish is also classified … What Other Fish Can Live with African Cichlids Are you looking for a species of fish that will be compatible with African Cichlids? ), though only around 1800 currently have descriptions. They also jump, so make sure you have a cover on your tank. If you have weaker fish – even if they’re the same size – they may get harassed or even attacked. Hexamita: Another parasite, brought on by poor water quality. The cichlid family is incredibly diverse and it is also one of the largest families of vertebrates – there are over 1,600 scientifically described species of cichlid, though it is estimated that that the actual number of cichlids in existence ranges between 2,000 and 3,000. The best tank mates for your angelfish should be those which don’t nip or fight, as they are slow swimmers. Please Note: The small (2" or less) African Cichlids are in their juvenile coloration and … The smallest checks in at just 1 inch (3cm) in length, while the largest tops out at close to 2 feet (60cm). As large and aggressive fish, they should be kept in 75 gallon or bigger aquaria and do best in single species tanks, although a few other similarly aggressive cichlids can be successfully kept with them, including most Central American cichlids (Convicts, Firemouths, Jack Dempsey, etc). Contrary to many sources (and even some aquarium stores), these are not small cichlids, and they need to be kept in groups of five or six fish. Central American cichlids, in particular, display territoriality and predatory instincts. Electric blue haps resemble their name (at least the males): you can’t miss those brilliant blue scales. It’s recommended to look into how the breeder raised them and then copy their methods. © Loïc Tremblay. Convict cichlids get their name from the bands of black and white down their sides, mimicking stereotypical “jailbirds.”. If you’re looking … This is a true Severum cichlid, so think of a fish with the following characteristics. They prefer a lot of open space for swimming, but they also need caves for hiding, sleeping, and breeding. Unless you want to replace your greenery frequently, use hardy species in your aquarium: Make sure you keep the other end of that omnivore habit in mind when choosing tank mates. Oscar cichlids are larger than the average cichlid, and have larger-than-life personalities and appearances to match. All cichlids lay eggs, though care varies among species. Cichlids are easily one of the most popular aquarium fish on the market. They can be a bit more aggressive than your average tropical fishes, though, so not all types of African cichlids will get along well with other tank mates. As their name may suggest, jewel cichlids truly are the jewels of the aquarium world. These cichlids are easy for both beginners and accomplished aquarists. If you intend on owning more, however, you’ll need a much larger tank full of ample decorations to hide in, so their territorial behavior is accommodated. Cichlids are fish belonging to the Cichlidae family, and are a member of the group Labroidei. These include fish found in South America, Central America, and a lone species from the United States (the Texas Cichlid). However, they have a reputation for rearranging the furniture. As such, it may be wise to leave them in the hands of more experienced fish keepers. If you spot a parrot cichlid that is an unusual color, such as purple or green, you may want to consult with the breeder. These include many different types of xanthistic forms which are known as the electric blue rams or the gold rams as well as the larger and high bodied, flattened balloon form varieties. Discus will thrive in an Amazon biotope set-up, with very warm water that is also soft and acidic. They ARE omnivores, but they gravitate toward the meatier end of the spectrum. Convict cichlids hold the distinction as one of the easiest species for aquarists to breed. Bolivian rams are members of the dwarf cichlid group. Likewise, tank mates shouldn’t be extremely active or too small. Instead, they have a flattened diamond shape accented with long dorsal and anal fins. Peacock cichlids are another dazzling cichlid species from Lake Malawi. The convict cichlid, also known as the zebra cichlid, is quite aptly named. Cichlids were traditionally classified in a suborder, Labroidei, along with the wrasses (Labridae), in the order Perciformes but molecular studies have contradicted this grouping. Their bodies are made up of a lovely... Mbuna Cichlid. So long as you stay on top of water quality and don’t fall prey to their begging habits (yes, they’re cute when they follow you around – don’t succumb to overfeeding), your cichlids should avoid significant health issues. Electric Blue Cichlid/Electric Blue Hap (, Just be careful if you have other fish with flowing fins – jewels are known to nip, Their trailing fins pose a temptation to other fish, The Greater the Variety, the Greater the Reward, 1. Size: 3 1/2” Temperament: Peaceful. You can buy many varieties of African cichlids at LiveAquaria, a site that delivers quality aquatic life right to your doorstep. Please note: this does not affect the price you pay. With that in mind, suitable plants are only those which naturally grow in Lake Malawi, like Vallisneria. Blue Dolphin Cichlid(Cyrtocara moorii) 2. African Peacock Cichlid (Aulonocara spp. They’ll honestly take everything you offer them (they’re not picky). The typical coloration of these cichlids is blood red, though they can also be gray or yellow. Fish information and habitats for large Cichlid aquariums, types of cichlids like the Parrot Cichlid, Firemouth cichlid, Green Terror, Oscar, Texas Cichlid and more. Cichlids are a group of fish belonging to the family Cichlidae and they belong to a group, or suborder, called Labroidei. You identify this nasty disease by loss of appetite and white blotches on the scales. Cichlids are bigger and far more aggressive than tetras, guppies, gouramis, or other kinds of tropical fish. Male blue haps kill male peacocks and mate with the females, resulting in hybrids. Even the most peaceful cichlids could decide to munch on tiny tank mates. While juveniles do fine in smaller tanks, have a larger aquarium cycled and ready to go for when it’s time to move these cichlids over. Cichlids make up one of the most diverse fish groups on the planet. As such, under gravel filters are a poor choice. If you want to tackle keeping discus, make sure you’re at the top of your game. Just make sure you monitor water quality carefully to prevent disease or stress. Blue Acara Cichlids. While it’s true this subspecies can be aggressive during spawning and they tend to peck at the fins of slower fish, there are aquarists who argue that they have successfully kept a kribensis in a community tank as well. Scientists estimate around 1300 species of African cichlids. Unhappily, oscars grow FAST. The Pterophyllum scalare subspecies, in particular, were bred extensively to develop many wonderful colors and patterns. We have spent years visiting many farms to source the best quality Cichlids. Browse our latest freshwater fish profiles below. Just don’t skimp on the variety! When choosing your cichlid, plan tank size accordingly. They are quite calm and will not reside in the same water layer as your cichlids. Tuberculosis: You DON’T want to see this in your tank; it’s not only fatal, but it’s also HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS. This species (pictured above) is sometimes called the Yellow devil as males can be extremely aggressive and hard on females. Temperament: Semi … Make sure you provide this subspecies with many hiding places and a sandy substrate that they can dig into. Most other Malawi cichlids are safe, but NOT African peacocks. The cichlid you select will dictate your tank size and water conditions. However, there are some generalities to the Cichlidae family you can count on. Oscars may not have the most striking appearance – though the black and orange patterns aren’t too shabby. They are from the same group as damselfish, wrasses, surfperches, etc. These can include logs, caves, and decorative dens, so they can ease into their new surroundings gradually. You need to provide plenty of room for swimming space, as well as proper territory. Let’s take a look at nine of the best cichlids, so you can better decide which cichlid species is right for you! If you run a freshwater aquarium, you’ll find plenty of inspiration for bringing it to life! They get their name for the marine angelfish, despite bearing ZERO resemblance. These fish zoom around tanks (in addition to rooting around decorations). Here we profile some of the world’s most popular freshwater fish species, from the Neon Tetra to the Pearl Gourami. They rarely, if ever, play well with other fish, even those from the same subspecies as them, so tankmates may be out of the question. In comparison to African cichlids, New World cichlids make up around 570 species. Bolivian Ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus), 9. Discus are well known for their gorgeous patterns of green, red, brown, or blue, which stretch along their entire bodies. They’re the most compressed cichlids available, even more so than angelfish. During spawning, their aggression goes up, so keep an eye on their tank mates. Here’s a video explaining more about owning cichlid species. However, if you don’t want to breed these fish, it’s wise to keep this tank exclusively female. It is the males that display most of the color while the females often look drab in comparison. The mbuna cichlids are among the more brightly-colored cichlid subspecies out there. It is believed that most Cichlids will get along with fish species such as Tetra, and Corydoras Catfish, just to mention a few. With a beautiful red coloration, blue spots, and a yellowtail fin, there is no denying that this subspecies is a sight to behold. These Central American cichlids are often advertised as being very community-friendly. With 11 species to choose from, you’re sure to find a pattern of colors you’ll want to add to your aquarium. You have to monitor the water quality closely to avoid problems. Aquarists love the dynamic nature of cichlids. After all, when placed on the cichlid scale of aggression, they’re at the bottom. Cockatoo Cichlid. They will try their best to uproot any plants you put in their tank, as well as move around driftwood and rocks. Monitor the tank for bare patches and make appropriate repairs. Cichlids provide something for everyone. African Cichlids The Cichlidae family contains over 1,200 species of fish, the majority of which are found in the Tanganyika and Malawai Lakes of central Africa. Many aquarium enthusiasts have debated whether or not kribensis can have tank mates. The mbuna cichlids are among the more brightly-colored cichlid subspecies out there. Rams learn to greet you at mealtimes, just as dogs might. This video explains more about cichild types. Much like the mbuna, peacock cichlids thrive in hard waters that have a high mineral content and pH level. For more information, please check our, 3. It’s ultimately up to you whether you want to give your kribensis cichlids tank mates. However, in truth, they are just as aggressive as most other cichlid species. Endemic to Central America, they’ve since become invasive species around the world. So, again, they do very well … A colorful and popular freshwater fish, the Kribensis Cichlid is truly a breed worth considering for your own freshwater aquarium. Malawi Bloat: Common to African cichlids, this disease causes abdominal swelling, which can result in kidney and liver issues. The two groups split thousands of years ago, evolving different immune systems. Convicts do well with consistent water quality. Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. If you don’t keep up with water conditions (especially ammonia), they WILL deteriorate. It is … This subspecies may also be referred to as the tiger oscar, velvet cichlid, or marble cichlid. It’s possible that your fish has been dyed. Even experienced aquarists struggle with discus. Just watch them during the breeding season. Who doesn’t recognize the iconic angelfish?g. We hope to clarify that here. Unfortunately, there are several misconceptions about oscar care, which are often passed around and can seriously harm this species. The representative breeds of Lake Malawi are Bumblebee Cichlid, Demasoni Cichlid, Venustus Cichlid, Yellow Lab Cichlid, Peacock Cichlid and so on. Any brighter variations you may see are usually the result of selective breeding by aquarists; these do not exist in the wild. You’ll find a lot of variation in size in the New World, including several species of dwarf cichlid. Also like peacocks, the males have bright colors, while females are drab. Do you have a favorite cichlid? Discus have earned the title “King of the Aquarium Fishes.” They’re relatively large disc-shaped cichlids (go figure), available in dramatic colors and patterns. Juvenile oscars will often have different colorations from their older counterparts, typically preferring to have white and orange wavy stripes and spotted heads. Just be careful if you have other fish with flowing fins – jewels are known to nip. This strange trait is mostly due to their teeth sitting deep in their throat, which can make it difficult for them to eat whole meals. They should be kept in large groups of up to 20 fish per tank, with at least two females to every male. Highly infectious, the disease can wipe out an entire tank population within a short period of time. You also want to choose a grain size safe enough to keep your little excavators happy. These fish thrive in freshwater rivers, so it’s best to set up your aquarium to reflect this. Combining species from the two regions WILL result in a health disaster. All 900 known species of cichlids have a dorsal fin, consisting of a hard spiny and soft spiny part. You can also purchase a few of the more popular cichlid subspecies at your local Petco, Petsmart, or fish store. They average 5 inches (12.7cm) in length, and they DON’T handle stress well. They hail from Africa, South and Central America, and even Asia. They are quite shy, both around new owners and other fish, so provide them with ample space to swim and various hiding places. The older they get, the more territorial they become. Firemouth Cichlid (Thorichthys meeki), Caring For The Electric Blue Hap Cichlid (Sciaenochromis Fryeri), Freshwater Crabs: How to Properly Keep Them in your Tank, Aquarium Driftwood: Best & Safest Types for your Tank, Installing a Protein Skimmer: Tips & Mistakes to Avoid.

cichlid fish types

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